Joshua was born 2 Dec. 1843 in Brightsville, Marlboro County, S.C. to Robertson Charlton Adams and Elizabeth Fletcher Adams. In 1865 he married Flora Ellen Hubbard and they had 5 children. He was a farmer. He served in the 21st. Regiment, S.C. Volunteers and fought in the Battle of Fort Fisher in January 1865. He died at Brightsville in Marlboro County, S.C. and was buried at Fletcher Cemetery in Marlboro County. His wife Flora died in 1901.