George Washington Moore was born on January 22, 1832, in Franklin Co., TN., to Nancy Jemima Corn, (1807-1838), and John Cannon Moore, (1798-1839).[i], [ii] George’s father John Moore arrived with his wife Jemima and four children in Bastrop County in June 1837,and was granted 1,280 acres of land in the same year.[iii] George’s mother Jemima died the following year[iv] and his father John Cannon Moore passed way in 1839. George and his orphaned siblings, along with a negro slave girl “Eliza,” were taken back to Franklin County, Tennessee by Uncle John Washington “Wash” Corn (1814–1864),[v] to live with their grandfather, William Corn.[vi] When George’s Great Grandfather Abner Moore passed away October 20, 1840 in Franklin Co., Tenn., the children were in Franklin County and listed as heirs in Abner’s Will (as their father had predeceased their grandfather) that was processed at the County Court of Franklin County in February and March 1841.[vii] Eldest brother William Cannon Moore stayed behind in Bastrop, and learned the blacksmith trade to support himself from 1839-1851.[viii] In 1851, George’s older brother William returned to Tennessee to bring his younger siblings to Bastrop.[ix] George and brother William are listed as living at the same residence in Bastrop Co. on the 1860 Census.[x]
Soon after the Civil War started in April 1861, William Henry Parsons, a veteran of the War with Mexico, obtained authorization from Governor Edward Clark to form a regiment of mounted troops, as part of the Texas State Troops in the 9th Military District. [xi] Col. Parsons set out recruitng men for a cavlary regiment, opening a traning camp in Ellis County in July 1861, and organized the 4th Texas Dragoons (also known as Parsons’ Regiment, Mounted Vounteers).[xii] As part of this effort, Capt. Malcijah Benjamin Highsmith was recruiting men for in Bastrop and formed his company on July 24, 1861.[xiii],[xiv] Capt Highsmith’s junior officers were First Lieutenant Dan Grady, Li. John B. Hancock, and Lt. John J. Moncure.[xv] Capt. Highsmith’s “Bastrop Cavalry Company”[xvi] was part of the 26th Brigade, Texas State Troops.[xvii] George and his older Brother William Cannon Moore were among the men who answered the call to serve their native state of Texas in this company, enlisting on July 24, 1861.[xviii], [xix], [xx], [xxi] The men who enlisted in this company held “themselves subject to orders from the Executive of the State for State service, or anyhere the cavalry may be required on the border or in Missouri or Arkansas, to serve twelve months.”[xxii]
Parson’s 4th Texas Dragoons Regiment of ten companies was organized (activated) as Texas State Troops at Rockett Springs near Waxahachie TX on September 11, 1861.[xxiii] George enlisted in D Co., of this regiment on that day[xxiv] for one year of State service.[xxv] His Company Commander, Captain M. B.Highsmith, was also from Bastrop Texas, and many soldiers refered to the Company as the “Highsmith Co.,”[xxvi] also known as the Bastrop Cavalry Company,[xxvii], [xxviii] the “Bastrop County Rawhides,”[xxix] and the “Texas Rawhides.”[xxx] Company D, and the 4th Regiment were assigned to the 26th Brigade of the Texas State Troops, whose Headquarters were in Austin.[xxxi] George’s bother William sought out a new unit was enlisted by Lt. Sparks into Company D. of Texas Volunteers, commanded by Capt. Stephen C. Ferrill’s in Houston on September 7, 1861.[xxxii] This company was known as the “Bastrop Rangers,”[xxxiii]and was part of the 8th Texas Cavalry Regiment, was also known as 1st Texas Rangers, 8th Texas Rangers, and “Terry’s Texas Rangers.”
After several weeks of military training and drills in the camp, Col. Parsons received orders from his higher HQs of the Texas State Troops to march his regiment to Hempstead, near Houston for the Regiment to be mustred into the Confederate Army. On October 28, 1861, at Camp Hebert, near Hempstead, the 4th Texas Mounted Dragoons was mustered into the Confederate Army as the 12th Texas Cavalry.[xxxiv] Colonel Parsons asked the soldiers of his 4th Regiment to re-enlist for 12 months of CSA service in the new regiment. George re-enlisted on that date with the 12th Texas Cavalry as a soldier in the Confederate Army. The regiment spent the remainder of the year and until the end of February in “Camp Parsons” at Sims Bayou, located approximately halfway between Houston and Galveston.[xxxv] The regiment then marched north to Arkansas, departing Sims Bayou on February 27, 1862.[xxxvi]
In July 1862, the 12th Regiment was part of the brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Albert Rust of Arkansas.[xxxvii] Maj. Gen. Hindman had given command of his cavalry to Brign. Gen. Rust, which provided a screen defensive line “of White River and its tributary, the Little Red.”[xxxviii] Union Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis’ Army of the Southwest advanced across the Cache River and attacked Brig. Gen. Rust’s forces on July 7, 1862. Union Brig. Gen. Alvin P. Hovey reported that this advance forced the defending Confederates to “evacuate Des Arc and Cotton Plant, and move to Little Rock.[xxxix] In this battle, the 12th TX Cavalry engaged in combat with forces of Union Maj. Gen. Curtis at the Battle of Cotton Plant (also known as the Action at Hill’s Plantation), about 15 miles east of Des Arc, in Woodruff County, Arkansas.[xl] In the fighting at Hill’s Plantation, Brig. Gen. Rust’s Brigade suffered 245 casualties.[xli] On August 3, 1862, Col. Parson’s cavalry attacked the advancing Union forces at Hughe’s Ferry, on the L’Anguille River, 30 milies from Helana. At this action, the 12th Texas Cavaly surpised a Federal Cavalry Regiment, attacking them in Camp and inflicting “…over 400 in killed, and wounded, and prisoners, with all its baggage.”[xlii] After this battle, Union Maj. Gen. Curtis paused his offensive and remained in the vicinity of Helena Ark., and the 12th Texas Cavalry conducted screening operations along the front, while operating out of Camp Nelson named in honor of Brigadier General Allison Nelson. [xliii]
Union Brig. Gen. Hovey reported on Aug 11, 1862, that General Parsons had about 4,000 men at Des Arc and a few men at Surrounded Hill.[xliv] On August 20, 1862, Lt. Gen. T. H. Holmes assumed command of the C.S.A. Trans-Mississippi Department, to which Maj. Gen. Hindman’s Trans-Missisippi District belonged. George Moore was elected to the rank of Second Lieutenant on September 16, 1862, in D. Company.[xlv] George was designated the Junior Lieutenant, which meant that he was junior in seniority by date of rank to another 2Lt serving in the same Company. George’s promotion took place at Camp Harelson, in Arkansas, where his fellow D. Company soldier, Pvt Truss, reported the regiment to be encamped on September 26, 1862.[xlvi]
On September 28, 1862, Col. Parson’s Cavalry Brigade, which included the 12th Texas Cavalry under the command of Lt. Col. Burleson, is assigned to Brig. Gen. Nelson’s Second Division.[xlvii] Earlier, Colonel Parsons was selected to serve as a Brigadier General, in commanded of a Brigade including his own 12th Regiment, along with and 19th, 21st Regiments, Morgan’s Battalion, and Pratts Battery of 6 guns.[xlviii],[xlix] Lt. Col. Albert Bell Burleson was the acting Commander of the Regiment, then at Camp Nelson, near Austin, Arkansas.[l] During the months of September and October of 1862, the men of Brig. Gen. Nelson’s 2nd Division were stricken by disease in an epidemic of typhoid fever and measles swept through the Camp bearing his name, resulting in 1,500 deaths including Nelson himself.[li], [lii]
At the opening of the year 1863, D Co. and the 12th Texas Cavalry are in Arkansas, at a Camp near Little Rock on January 3rd, [liii] and 6 days later, at Camp Desarc.[liv] In June, 1863, the Regiment is at Camp Silver Lake in Arkansas, [lv] In June, Col Parsons leads the Regiment to Louisiana and links up with the 19th Texas Cavalry and part of the Pratt’s Battery under Isaac R. Claire.[lvi] This force was employed in the defense of Vicksburg, harassing Union supply lines, and raiding Union positions along the west bank of the Mississippi, destroying or capturing Union supplies during the siege of the city.[lvii]
in February and March of 1864, Union armies in the Trans-Mississippi began their spring offensives, the most serious of which was General Nathaniel P. Banks’s Red River Campaign, aimed seemingly at east Texas.[lviii] In February 1864, the Regiment is at Camp Groce, near Hempstead Texas, where the Regiment spent its early days.[lix] The Regiment participates in the Red River Campaign in Louisiana. On April 12, 1864, the Regiment accompanied Brig. Gen. Thomas Green on the attack of Adm. David Porter’s fleet at Blairs Landing.[lx] Brig. Gen. Thomas Green was killed in the attack by enemy fire, with Brig. Gen William Steele assuming command, which was asigned under the command of Maj. Gen. John Warton’s division of cavalry.[lxi] The final battle of the Red River Campaign was at Yellow Bayou on May 18, 1864, which saw Parson’s Brigade’s greatest single battle combat losses, of 12 killed-in-action, 67 wounded-in-action, and two missing.[lxii] For the remainder of the year, the 12th Texas Cavalry operated in Southern Arkansas, monitoring Union troop movements along the Arkansas and Missouri rivers.[lxiii] Federal troopers called the Twelfth the “Swamp Fox Regiment,” because the men traveled the swamps at night and often attacked Federal positions after dark.[lxiv]
Concerned about a Union attack into Texas, the Confederate authorities ordred the 12th Texas Cavalry Regiment back to Texas in January 1865.[lxv] 2Lt George W. Moore was discharged by Verbal Orders of the Commanding Officer (VOCO) when Col. Parson explained to the men in Camp near Sterling Texas on May 20, 1865, that “the Trans-Mississippi Department has been surrendered” and directed the men “to take their wagons homeand instructed them to retain their organizations in order to protect their counties from roving bads of thieves and robbers.”[lxvi]
Throughout the war, those on the home front in Texas suffered privations. “With these men away on active duty, many of their families were forced to seek relief. The Confederacy, which was experiencing difficulty in outfitting its troops, was unable to assume a benevolent role toward the dependents of its fighting men, 5 and as a result the citizens of the county were forced to take over this duty themselves… In March 1863 the State Legislature aided this charitable work by passing an act “for the support and assistance of the widows, families and dependents of the officers and soldiers of Texas [who] may need the assistance of the States”. According to this act, every county in the State was to contribute proportionately toward a general relief fund. Immediately after the war, money continued to be scarce in [the frontier counties]. The barter system was used, and work was paid for in goods. Returning soldiers, clad in rags, who were being fed by families of the county, were glad to work in exchange for better clothing”[lxvii]
After the War, George was united in marriage in the town of Bastrop, Texas on September 15, 1867 with Mary Sharp Alexander from Statesville, Wilson Tennessee.[lxviii], [lxix], [lxx] George purchased a 260 acre tract of land by Cedar Creek in 1868, built a home, cleared and cultivated a portion of the land.[lxxi] George and Mary had two sons, George Abner Moore (Mar 9, 1870 – May 27, 1932)[lxxii] and John C. Moore[lxxiii],[lxxiv] (Sept. 24, 1868 – Jan. 9, 1941).[lxxv] Mary moved with her parents John and Hardenia Alexander to Bastrop Texas in 1856.[lxxvi] Son George Abner Moore (1870-1932)[lxxvii] known by his middle name was likely named after George’s Grandfather, and War of 1812 Veteran Abner Moore,[lxxviii] and/or Mary’s Grandfather Abner Alexander or Mary’s older brother Abner Alexander (1844-)[lxxix] The post-war reconstruction period was a very diffiicult time for the good people of Bastrop Co., and especially for Cedar Creek.[lxxx]
George Washington Moore passed away on August 1, 1871, sadly, the grave site of this Confederate Officer is not marked.[lxxxi],[lxxxii]
[i] Robbie Moore Sanders, “John Cannon Moore,” in Patriot Ancestor Album, Daughters of the Republic of Texas, p. 202. https://www.google.com/books/edition/_/NzUGjKhemhgC?hl=en&gbpv=1
[ii] Family Bible of William Cannon Moore and Mississippi Susan Campbell Moore, which lists his birth. Copy of bible record provided via personal correspondence with Robbie Moore Sanders.
[iii] Robbie Moore Sanders, , p. 202.
[v] This story of Uncle Wash bringing the children to Tenn. was passed down, by Mary Ann Moore’s children and grandchildren and researched by grandchild Lois Ransom. The full story is recorded at Ancestry.com under the file of Mary Anne Moore. Retrieved from: https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/18125170/person/610299326/media/11ef3af1-7307-45a1-bec1-a424a6fe0797?_phtarg=aAY287&msg=usy
[vi] Robbie Moore Sanders, p. 202.
[vii] Minutes of the Chancery Court, Clerk Master Office, Abner’s Will is transcribed in a blog on Abner Moore, Retrieved from: Family Trees, ancestry.com/tree/3962368/person/-1668141076/comments?pg=327688
[viii] Robbie Moore Sanders, p. 202 explains that how William supported himself from age 10-21 was unknown. There is no specific reference to William being an apprentice blacksmith, but at the start of the Civil War, he was an expert blacksmith and employed as such by the 8th TX Cavalry Regt.
[ix] Robbie Moore Sanders, p. 202.
[x] Tammy Owen, Transcription of the Bastrop CO. TX -1860 Census, District 12. Retrieved from: files.usgwarchives.net/tx/bastrop/census/1860/1860-12.txt
[xi] Jerry L. Brooks. “The Brooks Brothers and the 12th Texas Cavalry, March 26, 2006. Retrieved from: http://sites.rootsweb.com/~txbastro/BROOKSBROTHERS.htm
[xiii] Ibid, from a letter by John Truss, dated July 14, 1862.
[xiv] Ibid, Application for pension of Robert Levi Brooks, Company D., Bastrop Cavalry, states that soldiers enlisted for this company in the town of Bastrop in June or July 1861.
[xv] George and William on the muster role of Capt. Highsmith’s Co, dated July 24,1861, Texas State Library and Archives Commission, file no. 1313_09
[xvi] This is how Capt. Highsmith identified his company in his written report, dated July 24, 1861, to the R. H. Jones, the Chief Justice of Bastrop County, which provided the Officers and men of the Company.
[xvii] Certification of elected officers of Bastrop Cavalry Company, Bastrop County, 26th Brigade, Texas State Troops under Captain M.B. Highsmith, July 25, 1861. Identifier: 1313_03 MR 1313, Confederate and Texas State Troops military rolls, Texas Adjutant General’s Department Civil War military rolls. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
[xviii] See William’s record of enlistment on this date. United States. National Archives and Records Service, Compiled service records of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Texas [microform]. Reel 073 – Texas–History–Civil War, 1861-1865–Registers – Twelfth Cavalry (Parson’s Mounted Volunteers, Fourth Dragoons), M-R, Images 410 and 411. Accessed May 7, 2020: https://archive.org/details/compiledservicer073unit/page/n409/mode/2up
[xix] Personal correspondence from J. C. Hana, Chairman in Chief, National Genealogy Committee, April 19, 2020. There is only one card for W.C. Moore for this regiment, as he transferred to the 8th TX CAV.
[xx] Jerry L. Brooks, provides the roster of men who served from Bastrop Co. in D Company. Both George W. and W. C. Moore are listed.
[xxi] George W. and William C. Moore appear on a muster roll of the company signed by Capt. Highsmith. Muster roll of Bastrop Cavalry Company, Bastrop County, 26th Brigade, Texas State Troops under Captain M.B. Highsmith, July 24, 1861, Identifier: 1313_09 Accessed December 15, 2020: https://tsl.access.preservica.com/uncategorized/IO_4423008b-851c-4e5d-9394-a692627c5afd/
[xxii] George Martin, Weblog, The Texas in the Civil War Message Board, 12th Texas Cavalry, July 21, 2013. Accessed April 27, http://www.history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs62x/txcwmb/webbbs_config.pl?md=read;id=14811
[xxiii] 12th Texas Cavalry Regiment, Wikipedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Texas_Cavalry_Regiment
[xxiv] Soldier History: George W. Moore, American Civil War Research Database, Historical Data Systems
PO Box 35, Duxbury, MA 02331. Retrieved from: http://www.civilwardata.com/
[xxv] Jerry L. Brooks, “The Brooks Brothers and the 12th Texas Cavalry, March 26, 2006, lists both George W. Moore and W. C. Moore as members of the Regiment. Retrieved from: http://sites.rootsweb.com/~txbastro/BROOKSBROTHERS.htm
[xxvi] Jerry L. Brooks.
[xxvii] Handbook of Texas Online, Anne J. Bailey, “TWELFTH TEXAS CAVALRY,” accessed April 27, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt12
[xxviii] William C. Moore’s service record for this unit uses the title “Bastrop Cavalry Company.” See Compiled service records of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Texas [microform], accessed May 7, 2020: https://archive.org/details/compiledservicer073unit/page/n379/mode/2up, frames 410 & 411.
[xxix] Ellis County Texas, TXGenweb, Parson’s Brigade – 12th Texas Cavalry CSA, Company Rosters. Accessed April 28, 2020, http://www.txfwgs.org/ELLIS_COUNTY/_military/Parsons_Brigade_Company_Rosters.html
[xxx] Jerry L. Brooks.
[xxxii] Service Record for PVT William Cannon Moore, Fold3.com. Retrieved from: https://www.fold3.com/image/10179720
[xxxiii] Ferrell, Stephen C (1831–1868). Accessed December 15, 2020: https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/ferrell-stephen-c
[xxxiv] Jerry L. Brooks.
[xxxvii] Jerry L. Brooks.
[xxxviii] Report of Maj. Gen. T. C. Hindman, p. 35.
[xxxix] Report of Brig. Gen. Alvin P. Hovey, Commanding General of 4th Division, in Elihu Root, Secretary of War, The War of the Rebellion…., op. cit., p. 207.
[xl] Handbook of Texas Online,, History of Parson’s Brigade.
[xli] From a letter by Joh Truss, July 14, 1862, in Jerry L. Brooks, op. cit.
[xlii] Report of Maj. Gen. T. C. Hindman, pp. 37 & 38..
[xliii] Ibid., p. 38.
[xliv] Report of Brig. Gen. Alvin P. Hovey, Hdqrs, U.S. Forces, Army of the Southwest, Clarendon, August 11, 1862, in Elihu Root, Secretary of War, The War of the Rebellion…., op. cit., p. 559.
[xlv] Soldier File of George Washington Moore, Confederate Archives, Chap. 1, File No. 92, page 481 Publisher Fold 3 by Ancestry, 1300 West Traverse Parkway Lehi, UT 84043. Retrieved from: https://www.fold3.com/image/10608499
[xlvi] Letter from Prvt. John Truss, dated September 26, 1862, written at Camp Harelson (Located near Cotton Plant), Arkansas in Jerry L. Brooks, op. cit. Of interest, his promotion coincided with the resignation of 2LT Jason P. Moore of Company I, who signed his letter of resignation on Sept. 23, 1862 at Camp Harelson. See Compiled service records of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Texas [microform], accessed May 7, 2020: https://archive.org/details/compiledservicer073unit/page/n379/mode/2up, frame 381.
[xlvii] Special Orders No. 39, HDQRS, Trans-Mississippi Department, Little Rock Ark., September 28, 1862, in Elihu Root, Secretary of War, The War of the Rebellion…., op. cit, p. 884.
[xlviii] Handbook of Texas Online, Anne J. Bailey, “TWELFTH TEXAS CAVALRY,” accessed April 28, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt12.
[xlix] Jerry L. Brooks.
[li] Maj. Gen. Hindman reports Brig. Gen. A. Nelson’s death on October 11, 1862 in a report to General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General, in Elihu Root, Secretary of War, The War of the Rebellion…., op. cit, p. 887.
[lii] Jerry L. Brooks, provides the story of the Cemetery erected on this spot by United Confederate Veterans in 1906.
[liii] Jerry L. Brooks, Letter from John Truss, dated January 3, 1863, at “Camp near Little Rock.”
[liv] Jerry L. Brooks, Letter from John Truss, dated January 9, 1863, at “Camp Desarc.”
[lv] Jerry L. Brooks, Letter from John Truss, dated June 7., 1863, at “Camp Silver Lake.”
[lvi] Jerry L. Brooks
[lviii] David P. Smith, Conscription and Conflict on the Texas Frontier, 1863-1865, Civil War History, Volume 36, Number 3, September 1990, pp. 250-261 (Article) Published by The Kent State University Press. Retrieved from: https://muse-jhu-edu.prx.library.gatech.edu/article/420692/pdf
[lix] Jerry L. Brooks, Letter from John Truss, dated February 21, 1864, at “Camp Groce, near Hempstead.”
[lx] Jerry L. Brooks
[lxiv] Anne J. Bailey, “Twelfth Texas Cavalry,” Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association, https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt12
[lxv] Jerry L. Brooks.
[lxvii] Frank W. Heintzen Thesis presented to the Faculty of The Graduate School of St. Mary’s University of San Antonio, 1944. Retrieved from: https://www.fbgtx.org/DocumentCenter/View/2517/The-Fort-and-Fredericksburg-during-the-Civil-War-and-Restoration
[lxviii] Raelene-H-Larson, Genealogy Report: Descendants of Ezekial Alexander. Mary was born on April 18, 1850. After George passed away, she was remarried to James Stephen Spooner on October 1, 1873, in Bastrop TX, and died March 30, 1939 in Bastrop. Retrieved from: https://www.genealogy.com/ftm/l/a/r/Raelene-H-Larson/GENE32-0003.html
[lxix] Family Search provides this date and place of marriage, referencing Record Collection: Texas County Marriage Index, 1837-1977. Ref. ID 382; GS Film No. 000965226; Digital Folder No. 004539267, Image No. 00366. Retrieved from: https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=M61N-WMS%3A146613801%3Fcc%3D1803987
[lxx] Affidavit from Mary Spooner (Mrs. J. S. Spooner, formerly Mrs. George W. Moore) concerning property owned by George W. Moore and wife Mary Sharp (Alexander) Moore, to Notary Public J. O. Hendrix, Deed Book, Bastrop Texas, No. 76, p. 180, dated November 27, 1923.
[lxxi] Affidavit from Mary Spooner, op. cit.
[lxxii] “George Moore Dies at Cedar Creek,” article from Bastrop Advertiser (1932, no day or month), provided by Robbie Moore Sanders, GGD of William Cannon Moore.
[lxxiii] Robbie Moore Sanders, Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Patriot Ancestor Album, p. 202.
[lxxiv] Affidavit from Mary Spooner, op. cit.
[lxxv] Obituary for John C. Moore, Walsh Colorado Newspaper clipping provided by Robbie Moore Sanders.
[lxxvi] Raelene-H-Larson, Genealogy Report: Descendants of Ezekial Alexander. Retrieved from: https://www.genealogy.com/ftm/l/a/r/Raelene-H-Larson/GENE32-0003.html
[lxxvii] Family Search, Record for George Washington Moore, person LZJD-19C, listing George Abner Moore, person L6FX-YPB. Retrieved from: https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LZJD-19C
[lxxviii] Ancestry Family Tree, Wells, Lewellen and Sheets, Person Profile, Abner Moore. Retrieved from: https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/18125170/person/610299315/facts
[lxxix] Raelene-H-Larson, Genealogy Report: Descendants of Ezekial Alexander. Retrieved from: https://www.genealogy.com/ftm/l/a/r/Raelene-H-Larson/GENE32-0003.html
[lxxx] Bastrop County History, https://www.bastropcountyhistoricalcommission.com/history-of-bastrop-county
[lxxxi] Family Bible of William Cannon Moore and Mississippi Susan Campbell Moore, which lists his death. Copy of bible record provided via personal correspondence with Robbie Moore Sanders. J.A. Moore, recorded in 1985 that he could not locate George’s grave.
[lxxxii] Letter from Bastrop County Clerk Ms. Rose Pietsch, dated May 19, 2020, explains that the graves of Bastrop County residents John Cannon Moore and his son George Washington Moore have not been found.
does any one have a copy of the Moore family bible record listed above?